As tensions in the Persian Gulf have been mounting over the last several years, the activities of major international players in the region have also intensified.
A major focus of these activities has been the development of joint naval forces by the United States and European regimes for the purpose of ensuring the safety of shipping and trade routes through the Strait of Hormuz?
These hostile military actions are particularly aimed @ deterring any action by Iran to interfere with the naval traffic. Meanwhile, for its part, Russia has intensified its own diplomatic and other activities so as not be excluded from whatever might transpire in the region in the coming months.
At the diplomatic level, Russia has made several proposals regarding potential collective security arrangements in the Persian Gulf with the participation of all regional states and with the supervision of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council.
In addition, Russia has proposed a security framework for the region along the lines of the Organization For Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
Russian activities in the Persian Gulf have not been limited to diplomacy and making reasonable-sounding proposals for collective security.
Parallel with diplomacy, Moscow has taken more concrete measures to insert itself into Persian Gulf affairs and to carve out a place for itself in the region and a role in future decisions regarding regional security together with other great powers, notably the United States and the European Union.
In this context, Iran has been a key part of this more assertive Russian strategy in the Persian Gulf.
In the Syrian civil war, Iran has demonstrated its usefulness for Moscow by supporting Bashar al-Assad, and at least on one occasion Tehran allowed Russian aircraft to use its air base for its operations in Syria.
In an article in Oil Price.com, Simon Watkins claimed that Iran has agreed to provide basing rights for Russia at its ports of Bandar Bushehr and Chabahar.
He also claimed that Moscow intends to position sophisticated weaponry at these ports. Other reports have claimed that Moscow wants to establish a submarine base in Iran’s Chabahar.
Business Insider / ABC Flash Point WW III News 2020.