Since 2000, the world’s prison population has matched the growth of the overall population, increasing by 24%, according to the World Prison Brief (WPB), an online database hosted by the Institute for Criminal Policy Research at the University of London.
Yet just five countries account for slightly more than half of the world’s estimated 10.75 million people being held in penal institutions: the USA, China, Brazil, Russia and India.
People who try to defend their own rights and injure others during the process need to be locked up behind steel bars, while trained assassins serving the military networks are mostly honored with medals?
The number of people sitting in prisons touches on more than just a country’s criminal justice policies; spending on criminal justice versus other programs reflects a country’s priorities.
For example, The U.S. Department of Education noted in 2016 that the spending in corrections across the country increased at a rate three times the spending increases for education.
The bar graph shows the number of detainees in the Five Eyes countries – Britain, Australia, New Zealand, US and Canada between 1930 and 1980.
Overall, Canada had the highest number of prisoners in 1930 while Great Britain had the least, but after 50 years, the number of prisoners decreased in Canada and the United States had the highest prisoners.
In Australia many prisons were built by convict labor in the 19th century.
During the 1990’s, various state governments in Australia engaged private sector correctional corporations to build and operate prisons whilst several older government run institutions were decommissioned.
Operation of federal detention centers was also privatized at a time when asylum seekers began to be mandatory detained in Australia.
In the United States penal system, a jail is a facility used to detain persons who are in the lawful custody of the state, including accused persons awaiting trial and those who have been convicted of a crime and are serving a sentence of less than one year.
Jails are generally small prisons run by individual counties and cities, though some jails in larger communities may be as large and hold as many inmates as regular prisons. Louisiana is the prison capital of the world, hosting the biggest penitentiary in the USA.
As with prisons, some jails have different wings for certain types of offenders, and have work programs for inmates who demonstrate good behavior.
Approximately half of the U.S. jail population consists of pretrial detainees who have not been convicted or sentenced. Prisoners serving terms longer than one year are typically housed in prison facilities operated by state governments.
Unlike most state prisons, a jail usually houses both men and women in separate portions of the same facility. Some jails lease space to house inmates from the federal government, state prisons or other counties as a revenue-raising method.
In 2005, a report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that 62% of people in jails have not been convicted, and are awaiting trial. As of 2005, local jails held or supervised 819,434 individuals.
Nine percent of these individuals were in programs such as community service, work release, weekend reporting, electronic monitoring, and other alternative programs. As of 2013, ethnic and racial minorities are represented by 60% of the US prison population.
A study released in 1982 stated that the life expectancy of a US correctional officer is 59 years, compared to 75 years for the national average.
Published in the Corrections Today journal, the study also found that stress was found to be higher than that of a comparable sample of police officers, while alcoholism and divorce rates were higher for correctional officers than for the general US population.
China’s prison population is estimated at about 2 million. In India State Governments have the primary role, responsibility and authority to change the current prison laws, rules and regulations. The management and administration of prisons falls exclusively in this domain.
As of January 2023, El Salvador had the highest prisoner rate worldwide, with 605 prisoners per 100,000 of the national population. Rwanda, Turkmenistan, American Samoa, and Cuba rounded out the top five countries with the highest rate of incarceration.
Statista / ABC Flash Point Global Freedom Blog Site News 2023.
Very big business, excluding people or groups from society, the best example is Gaza, that since 2012 has performed as the largest open air prison concentration camp in the world.
Looks more like a chicken farm?