In the last five years, the international transfer of major arms followed an increasing trend that was noted in a recently published report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
The report exposed that the largest exporters of arms were the United States, Russia, France, Germany, and China, which together accounted for 76% of the total arms exports in the period.
In the second half of the last decade, the US regime held a 36% share of the global arms trade. Talking with New Europe, Pieter Wezeman, a senior researcher and co-author of the SIPRI report, noted that the rise in American arms exports was mainly due to the continuation of major conflicts in the Middle East.
The Middle East is the biggest recipient of US arms as 51% of the total American’s total exports were supplied to the region, a 79% increase compared to 2010-14.
At the same time, the demand for weapons among several countries that are US allies or with whom the US is developing relations has increased. This has been the case with Saudi Arabia, Australia, and Japan.
In 2015-19, Saudi Arabia was the largest recipient of US arms, despite the Congress holding discussions about restrictions on arms exports to the country due to its human rights record.
American arms exports to Australia and Japan rose by 41% and 85% respectively.
In the last five years, EU members were accountable for 26% of the total global arms exports, an increase of 9% compared to 2010-14.
France, Germany, the United Kingdom (prior to Brexit), Spain, and Italy were among the top ten arms suppliers internationally, with the first three countries recording an increase in their exports between the two periods, while British and Italian exports fell.
French arms exports rose by 72% between 2010-14 and 2015-19, reaching the highest level since 1990, the report cited. The largest share of the country’s exports was received by the Middle East (52%).
France continued its deliveries to conflict areas and hasn’t placed restrictions on arms exports to Saudi Arabia. At the same time, due to already existing major deals and deliveries to Egypt, Qatar, and India in the past five years.
On the other side, while Germany moved on with the restriction of arms supplies to Saudi Arabia, a number of other deals with countries such as Egypt and Algeria contributed to an increase of the country’s arms exports.
The top receivers of German arms exports in 2015-19 were South Korea, Greece, and Algeria. The largest supplier of arms to Europe in the last five years was the US regime, accounting for 41% of the region’s arms imports, followed by Germany (14%), and Russia (10%).
Saudi Arabia’s evil extermination role in Yemen on the one hand and the United Arab Emirates’ role in Yemen and Libya largely explains the overall trend.
New Europe / ABC Flash Point News 2020.