Christianity
Christianity Judaism
Use of statues and pictures In Catholic & Orthodox Churches. Ancient times: Not allowed as it is considered Idolatry. Today, great artwork is encouraged. Statues of people are fine, but not as religious icons.
Place of origin Roman province of Judea. The Levant
Place of worship Church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, home bible study, personal dwellings. Synagogues and temples, home, Western Wall of the Temple in Jerusalem
Belief of God One God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity. One God (monotheism), often called HaShem—Hebrew for ‘The Name’, or Adonai— ‘The Lord’. God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death.
Founder The Lord Jesus Christ. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses
Clergy Priests, bishops, ministers, monks, and nuns. Ancient times: Hereditary privileged priest class–Kohen and Levi. Present day: Religious functionaries like Rabbis, Cantors, Scribes, Mohels.
Literal Meaning Follower Of Christ. Grateful person (named for Judah, who was named “gratitude” by his mother, Leah)
Followers Christian (followers of Christ) Jews, Jewish people
View of the Buddha N/A. N/A.
Means of salvation Through Christ’s Passion, Death, and Resurrection. This is not a concept held in Judaism. Jews do not strive to achieve a status at the time of death.
Scriptures The Holy Bible Tanakh (Jewish Bible), which includes the Torah
Practices Prayer, sacraments (some branches), worship in church, reading of the Bible, acts of charity, communion. Prayers 3 times daily, with a fourth prayer added on Shabbat and holidays. Shacarit prayer in the morning, Mincha in the afternoon, Arvit at night; Musaf is an extra Shabbat service.
Life after death Eternity in Heaven or Hell, in some cases temporal Purgatory. World to come, Reincarnation (some groups); unifying with God, there are different opinions and beliefs
Symbols Cross, ichthys (“Jesus fish”), Mary and baby Jesus. Star of David, Menorah.
Goal of religion To love God and obey his commandments while creating a relationship with Jesus Christ and spreading the Gospel so that others may also be saved. To celebrate LIFE! To fulfill the Covenant with God. Do good deeds. Help repair the world. Love God with all your heart. Strong social justice ethic.
Human Nature Man has inherited “original sin” from Adam. Mankind then is inherently evil and is in need of forgiveness of sin. By knowing right and wrong Christians choose their actions. Humans are a fallen, broken race in need of salvation and repair by God. You must choose good from bad. You are responsible for your actions, not thoughts.
Geographical distribution and predominance As the largest religion in the world, Christianity has adherents are all over the world. As a % of local population, Christians are in a majority in Europe, North and South America, and Australia and New Zealand. Existing in Israel for 1500 years, but the Romans in 70 AD kicked all Jews out. Jews are dispersed all over the world, at one time present in almost every country. Now the majority live in Israel, USA, Canada, Russia, France, England.
Marriage A Holy Sacrament. Ancient times: unlimited polygamy with concubinage. In modern times, monogamy officially since 1310 AD.
Population Over two billion adherents worldwide. Around 13-16 Million, debated. Population varies due to conversion (although some types are not recognized by the state of Israel) and “marrying out” (of the faith)
Original Language(s) Aramaic, Greek, and Latin. Hebrew, Aramaic. Over the centuries, Jewish languages have also included Yiddish (among the Ashkenazi Jews of Europe); and Ladino (among the Sephardic Jews of Spain and North Africa).
Confessing sins Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus. Ancient times: there was a sin offering for individuals. Today people individually repair their sins. On Yom Kippur, they confess sins, and ask forgiveness from God. But also they must ask forgiveness directly from any people they may have wronged.
Second coming of Jesus Affirmed. Denied. (not part of liturgy)
Religious Law Varies among denominations. Has existed among Catholics in the form of canon law. Halakhah. Ethics. Commandments. 613 mitzvahs to be followed. Charity. Prayer. Rabbinical rulings with minority opinions. Debate very important part of system. Debate is encouraged in schools. Part of Bible addresses specific laws for everyday life.
Holy Days Christmas (celebration of the birth of Jesus), Good Friday (death of Jesus), Sunday (day of rest), Easter (resurrection of Jesus), Lent (Catholicism), saints’ feast days. Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu B’Shvat, Passover, Lag B’Omer, Shavuot. Shabbat (Sabbath). Sabbath most important—one day a week no work, just peace, joy and prayer.
Prophets Prophets in the Bible are venerated. Moses, and the subsequent Prophets of Israel as told in the Jewish Bible (Tanakh).
Status of Vedas N/A. N/A.
Position of Abraham Father of the faithful. The first patriarch and father of the Jewish religion. His father was an idol-maker but Abraham did not believe in idolatry or polytheism.
Ressurection of Jesus Affirmed. Denied.
Position of Mary Mother Of Jesus. Revered in all denominations. Degree of reverence varies from denomination. Not applicable, as Jews do not believe that Jesus is their Messiah, and therefore, his Jewish mother plays no role in the Jewish religion other than history.
No. of Gods and Godesses 1 God 1 God
About Christianity broadly consists of individuals who believe in the deity Jesus Christ. Its followers, called Christians, often believe Christ is “the Son” of the Holy Trinity and walked the earth as the incarnate form of God (“the Father”). Judaism was created by Abraham 2000 BCE and his descendants, Isaac and Jacob.
Holy days/Official Holidays The Lord’s Day; Advent, Christmas; New Year, Lent, Easter, Pentecost, every day is dedicated to a Saint. Sabbath, Havdalla, Rosh HaShanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Chanukah, Tu BiShvat, Purim, Passover, Lag BaOmer, Shavout. Holocaust remembrance.
View of other Dharmic religions N/A N/A.
Jesus Son Of God. Second person of the Trinity. God the Son. Not mentioned in the Jewish texts. No specific beliefs about this individual.
Goal of Philosophy Objective reality. Worship of God who created life, the universe, and is eternal. Christianity has its own philosophy, found in the Bible. That philosophy is Salvation from sin, through the Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ. To live a proper and Holy Life. To appreciate Life in every way. To do Good Deeds. To live Ethically. To make choice based on Free Will. Universal Education for every Jew; to study, learn. read and write.
Abrahamic Lineage Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are thanked every prayer day. Jacob’s 12 sons became the 12 tribes of Israel. Of these, 10 were lost during Assyrian Exile.
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Hurmunaptrah
Hurmunaptrah
Member
12-08-22 21:48

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Donnchadh
Donnchadh
Guest
13-08-22 05:34

You missed one point Baronmaya and that is that Orthodox Jews believe that Israel CANT exist until the Second Coming to establish Yahweh,s Kingdom on Earth. Thats why you get Orthodox Jews out in force supporting the Palestine Cause. I am glad your website brings religion up as many would be too scared to do it . Another pro Russia website showed the pictures of all the slaughtered Palestinian children — all my posts were deleted although as you see I dont swear etc -just put the facts on Zionism that it wasn’t a religion but an Israeli Nationalistic Political… Read more »