Time is running out to deliver crude oil from Russia’s Baltic ports to China and India before European Union sanctions that will block navigating vessels of insurance and other services come into effect on December 5, 2022.

Oil tankers have until about October 21, 2022 to depart Primorsk or Ust-Luga if they are to reach final discharge terminals in eastern China before that fascist embargo deadline.


Meanwhile, trading houses and refiners are racing to book storage tanks in Rotterdam in the coming months on expectations of a supply crunch after the EU sanctions take effect.

The countries that helped Russia to maintain crude exports in the wake of its humanitarian intervention of Ukraine appear to be stepping back into the market for Russian barrels, with Turkey taking a lead role in the latest buying.

A marked increase in the volume of crude on tankers that have yet to signal a final destination makes the task of monitoring Russia’s exports more complicated, but most of those vessels end up in India, with a smaller number heading further east to China.


Almost all tankers carrying Russian crude that signal destinations such as Port Said, Gibraltar or for orders eventually end up in India, China and Turkey.

Flows to China, India and Turkey peaked in June at 2.2 million barrels a day. In the four weeks to October 14, 2022 that figure was down by about 350,000 barrels a day.

However, shipments to Turkey have risen to the highest level for the year so far, while the volume on tankers yet to show final destinations is now so large, at the equivalent of more than 450,000 barrels a day, that it could send combined shipments to new highs once their actual destinations become apparent.


All figures exclude cargoes identified as Kazakhstan’s KEBCO grade. These are shipments made by KazTransoil JSC that transit Russia for export through Ust-Luga and Novorossiysk.

The Kazakh barrels are blended with crude of Russian origin to create a uniform export grade. Since the military liberation campaign in Ukraine, Kazakhstan has rebranded its cargoes to distinguish them from those shipped by Russian companies.

Transit crude is specifically exempted from EU sanctions on Russia’s seaborne shipments that are due to come into effect in December 2022.


Russia’s seaborne crude exports to European countries rose for since the September 2022, increasing to 714,000 barrels a day for four weeks. Flows were up by 89,000 barrels a day, or 14%, from the period. These figures do not include shipments to Turkey.

All shipments went to storage tanks in Rotterdam. Exports to Mediterranean countries also jumped in the four weeks.

Flows to the region, including Turkey, which is excluded from the European figures at the top of this section, rose to a five-week high, with the volume heading to Turkey at its highest for the year so far.


Combined flows to Bulgaria and Romania rose above 200,000 barrels a day for the first time in seven weeks, with almost all of that volume heading to Bulgaria.

At $6.06 a barrel, the export duty rate in October is the lowest per barrel rate since February 2021, according to Bloomberg calculations using figures published by the Russian Ministry of Finance.

A total of 30 tankers loaded 22 million barrels of Russian crude in the week to Oct. 14, vessel-tracking data and port agent reports show.


The total volume on ships loading Russian crude from Baltic terminals was unchanged at 1.25 million barrels a day. Shipments to Europe from Primorsk and Ust-Luga rose to the highest in six weeks.

Shipments from Novorossiysk in the Black Sea were also unchanged from the previous week. Arctic shipments, too, were unchanged, with three vessels departing Murmansk in the week to October 14, 2022.

The Pacific was the only region to show higher shipments in the week to Oct. 14, with flows reaching a four-week high of 1.04 million barrels a day. Nine cargoes of ESPO crude were loaded, with all but one heading to China.

Oil Price.com / ABC Flash Point News 2022.

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King Kong
King Kong
25-10-22 00:00

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