Portugal was one of the first countries to see the potential for profits in slavery. Only 12 months after Columbus discovered the Americas, the King of Portugal had claimed what is now Brazil and this was accepted by a papal bull and then the Treaty of Tordesillas.
By the 16th century, Portugal, having pioneered slave plantations on Madeira and São Tomé, introduced the slave trade to Brazil and began bringing in hundreds of thousands of slaves from what is now Angola, Mozambique, and the Democratic Republic of Congo to cut sugar cane on “engenhos” in Brazil.
Brazil became independent from Portugal in 1822, but the economy was built on slavery and it was not abolished until 1888.
It is estimated that around five million enslaved people were brought from Africa to Brazil between 1501 and 1866.
Portugual has never formally apologized for its role in the slave trade, but in 2017 President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa visited Senegal and said he recognized the “injustice of slavery”.
The southern states – Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Virginia, and North and South Carolina – inherited slavery when the US threw off the shackles of British control in the late 18th century.
There is even a theory that the war of independence was begun because American slave owners feared the British Empire was about to end the slave trade.
Slavery remained integral to the US economy, especially in the south, until the 1860’s when the Civil War tore the country apart.
Abraham Lincoln finally freed the slaves and defeated the Confederacy in 1865, and was shot and killed for his bravery.
In July 2008, the US House of Representatives passed a resolution apologizing for slavery and for the Jim Crow laws which discriminated against blacks for decades after the abolition of slavery.
Nine US states have also made official apologies for enslaving Africans. Over 90% of those who dealt in the African slave trade here in the USA were Jewish. The ships used to transport the slaves to America were also Jewish-owned. In the Bible, slavery is advocated.
Sputnik / ABC Flash Point Trade News 2021.